University of Wisconsin–Madison

John Hawks

Vilas-Borghesi Distinguished Achievement Professor


5325 Sewell Social Science Building

John Hawks at Skhul Cave, Israel


John Hawks Weblog

John Hawks CV

Areas of Focus

Biological anthropology, Paleoanthropology, Anthropological genomics, South Africa


Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand
Department of Zoology, UW-Madison
James F. Crow Institute for the Study of Evolution, UW-Madison


I’m an anthropologist, and I study the bones and genes of ancient humans. I’ve worked on almost every part of our evolutionary story, from the very origin of our lineage among the apes up to the last 10,000 years of our history.

My work has taken me to Africa, Asia, and Europe, where I have measured thousands of bones and investigated dozens of archaeological sites. In my lab, we use bioinformatics methods to work with whole genome sequences from thousands of living people (and a few ancient ones). We’re interested in uncovering the patterns of relationships that connect people, and the subtle changes by which we adapted to ancient environments. I’m an expert in population dynamics and the process of natural selection on both genes and morphological traits. I’ve used my work in genetics and skeletal biology to form rich collaborations with colleagues in a dozen countries.

I’m passionate about the potential of technology to transform science into a more open and public enterprise. I am building and pioneering new open science projects in human evolution. My most recent fieldwork as part of the Rising Star Expedition has shown the potential of open science approaches during paleoanthropological fieldwork. In 2013 we recovered more than 1200 hominin specimens from the Rising Star cave system in the Cradle of Humankind, South Africa, in an expedition led by Lee Berger of the University of the Witwatersrand. In May 2014, we convened a workshop of early career scientists to carry out the first description and analysis of the fossils. With more than 30 early career scientists from 15 countries, we had an exciting time opening this exceptional sample in the new vault at the University of the Witwatersrand. We are now preparing our research for publication.


I teach a range of courses from the introductory level to graduate level in biological anthropology, human evolution and genetics, and the evolution of human behavior. In 2014, I also worked to develop a new massive open online course called “Human Evolution: Past and Future”, which we ran for the first time in January of last year. The course followed me around the world as I interviewed experts and visit field sites and original fossil collections, and it was open to anyone with an internet connection, anywhere in the world, for free. We are continuing to develop new materials and release them, to open up education in human origins to everyone in the world.