Anthropology is the comparative study of human diversity and distinctiveness through time and across the world. In terms of the questions it poses and the methods it uses, anthropology spans the humanities, the social sciences, and the biological, cognitive, and evolutionary sciences. In offering a natural history of the human species, it studies all human biological and behavioral variation from the earliest fossil records to the present, and includes the study of non-human primates as well. As a social science, anthropology aims at uncovering the patterns of past and present socio-economic life. As one of the humanities, it seeks to understand the ways cultural meaning and political power have shaped human experience, especially in this era of intense globalization.
At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, anthropology includes:
- archaeology—the investigation and analysis of the remains from past cultures, uncovered through excavation;
- biological anthropology—the study of human evolution and the roots of the biological and genetic diversity found among contemporary peoples; and
- sociocultural anthropology—the comparative study of society, politics, economy, and culture, whether in historical times or in our contemporary moment.
UW-Madison also offers some classes in anthropological linguistics—the analysis of language and its place in social life. Comparative and empirical work—and fieldwork in particular—are the hallmarks of anthropology on our campus.
Anthropology at UW-Madison is characterized by a comparative point of view, a focus on humans and societies in all their variation and similarity, and an effort to reveal and understand the complex but organized diversity that has shaped the human condition, past and present.